Volume 52/6 2010
Posted: June 11, 2010
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This tall creeper can be a large climber or rarely a tree up to 20 meter tall. It is recorded from Sumatra, West Java, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. The climber grows naturally in scrub, young forest or swampy forest at 100 to 250 meter altitude. In Peninsular Malaysia it is found in Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Melaka and Johor. Recently it was found under almost open canopy in Pulau Tuba, Kedah, near the trail to Wang Buluh Caves.

The younger branches produce dense stellate hairs but soon become glabrescent. Normally the older branches always have clearly prominent orbicular white lenticels. This climber has thick leathery leaves that are elliptic-oblong to oblong and about 7 to 30 cm long and 5 to 14 cm wide.

The flowers are borne in paniculate bunches and have 5 to 200 flowers in each bunch. The minute flowers are pale cream to yellow and have a strong fragrance. The corolla is deeply five-lobed and about 7 to 10 mm long. Each lobe is bilobed and these ultimate lobes are called lobules. The lobules are thick without distinct venation and are slightly crenate at the margin. The triangular shape on the outer part of the petals is called the midpetaline band. Midpetaline bands are covered with dense stellate hairs from the apex until half of the area and always thicker than the lobules. The stellate hairs are conspicously reddish brown. This character has been used to recognize the genus. The five stamens are inserted slightly above the corolla base. The filament is up to 1 millimeter long and becomes broader at the base. The anther is acuminate at the apex.

The name rheedii was given honors to the botanist H.A. von Rheede tot Draakestein (1637-1691).

Although uses have not been reported for Erycibe rheedii, but it plays an important role in the forest. This climber uses their twining stems to struggle upwards to the forest canopy to get the sunlight.

The climber belongs to the cosmopolitan family, Convolvulaceae, the morning glory or kangkong family.

Reference:

Ooststroom, S.J. van & Hoogland, R.D. 1953. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol 4: 475–477. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

By Syahida-Emiza, S. (syahida@frim.gov.my) & Rafidah. A.R.
Edited by Dr. Ruth Kiew

   
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Acrotrema costatum
Amischotolype irritans
Anadendrum latifolium
Agrostistachys gaudichaudii
Antidesma velutinosum
Agrostophyllum elongatum
Adenoncos major
Agrostophyllum cyathiforme
Bulbophyllum abbrevilabium
Bulbophyllum angustifolium
Bulbophyllum tahanense
Bulbophyllum wrayi
Burmannia longifolia
Chisocheton patens
Clerodendrum deflexum
Crawfurdia trinervis
Ceratostylis sp.
Dendrobium mannii
Dendrobium leonis
Dendrobium brinchangense
Dendrobium foxii
Dendrobium sinuatum
Diospyros cauliflora
Dysoxylum cauliflorum
Durio graveolens
Erycibe rheedii
Ficus deltoidea
Gironniera parvifolia
Goodyera pusilla
Hornstedtia scyphifera
Henckelia atrosanguinea
Kibatalia maingayi
Knema patentinervia
Liparis disticha
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Leea indica
Mapania cuspidata
Mussaenda mutabilis
Momordica cochinchinensis
Polyalthia lateriflora
Pinanga malaiana
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Pyrenaria acuminata
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Phalaenopsis fuscata
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Ryparosa scortechinii
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Thrixspermum acuminatissimum
Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis
Trichotosia ferox
Urophyllum griffithianum
Vanda helvola
Vrydagzynea albida
Xanthophyllum eurhynchum

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