Volume 86/18 2011
Posted: August 29, 2011
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"Kulumbai", "Dalur", "Kepayang Air" or "Dala" are the local names given for Crateva religiosa (Capparaceae). This is the second species in the genus occurring in Peninsular Malaysia. The other species being C. magna (Lour.) DC. Creteva religiosa is very common and has a wide distribution, ranges from India, Burma, China, Indo-China, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.

Similar to C. magna, this species has showy flowers, in short racemes (3–5 cm long). It is commonly being planted worldwide as an ornamental. This trifoliate (with leaflets elliptic to ovate, 15–19 × 3.5–6.7 cm) species is a small to medium sized tree (4.5–15 m tall) with a widely, stout-branched crown. Its sister species, C. magna is weakly branched. Crateva religiosa also easily distinguish from the latter species in its leaf venation by having 6–7 pairs and widely spaced as opposed to 12–20 pairs and closely spaced.

It is grows on evergreen forest, near river banks at low altitude below 700 m. In Malaysia Plant Red List, it was listed as Least Concern.

Reference:

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana 1, 6: 65.

By Julius, A. (avelinah@frim.gov.my)
Edited by Dr Saw Leng Guan

   
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Acrotrema costatum
Actephila ovalis
Antidesma orthogyne
Acampe rigida
Bulbophyllum minutulum
Blechnum finlaysonianum
Calciphilopteris alleniae
Cyathea latebrosa
Dipterocarpus costulatus
Dipterocarpus concavus
Dipterocarpus palembanicus
Elaeocarpus mastersii
Henckelia davisonii
Henckelia densifolia
Helicia attenuata
Hopea ferruginea
Leptochilus macrophyllus
Lindsaea napaea
Lygodium microphyllum
Lygodium salicifolium
Peliosanthes teta
Pentaphragma ellipticum
Pentaphragma horsfieldii
Polygala venenosa
Psychotria rostrata
Pteris semipinnata
Phyllanthus watsonii
Radermachera glandulosa
Rinorea anguifera
Sonerila integrifolia
Sonerila rudis
Sphaerostephanos penniger
Shorea singkawang
Staurogyne griffithiana
Thottea parviflora
Thottea tricornis
Thottea piperiformis
Utricularia minutissima
Vatica mangachapoi
Vatica venulosa

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